Stoma Glossary

Glossary Explanation
Anti Flow Stopper Structure to prevent regurgitation of the excretion in the ostomy bag
Catheter A rubber or silicone tube / This tube is inserted into the body to permit the passage of urine and stool out of the body.
Closed-Ended Type An ostomy bag without an opening for removal of stool
Colostomy 'Colostomy' is used as a generic term representing ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid colostomy. (See the Basic Knowledge section.)
Convex Type This appliance has a convex plate inside of the face plate to give the stoma sufficient height. It works effectively to fill the gaps formed by hollows or wrinkles and prevents leakage of discharge.
Daily Exchange Daily exchange is recommended.
ET Nurse ET, which stands for enterostomal therapist, is a nurse specializing in stoma care, wound care and incontinence care.
Evacuation by Irrigation As in the case of an enema, warm water is injected into the intestine through the stoma to wash out the stool. Appropriate patients should be selected by doctors.
Face Plate The part which is placed on the abdomen is generally coated with a skin-protecting agent.
Ileostomy A stoma constructed between the ileum and the outside of the body to permit the passage of stool. The stool is usually watery. (See the Basic Knowledge section.)
Midterm Exchange The appliance is replaced every 3-5 days on average.
Midterm Exchange, Uro The appliances are replaced every 4-6 days on average.
The skin barrier used is structurally strong enough to resist the discharge pressure.
One-Piece Ostomy System The ostomy bag and the face plate are integrated in this single-piece ostomy system, which is also called a one-piece ostomy system.
Open-Ended Type These ostomy bags, which have the openings at their bottoms to remove stool, are available in two types: the open drainage type with a larger opening that enables large-capacity storage, and the compact drainable type.
Ostomate Individuals with stomas
Pre-Cut This type of appliance needs no cutting because of the hole formed on the faceplate in advance.
Safety Plate This appliance has a soft plate inside of the faceplate to ensure a close and flexible contact with the face plate. Leakage of excreted matter, including watery stool, can be effectively prevented.
Short Term Exchange The appliances are replaced every 2-4 days on average.
The skin barrier used is structurally strong enough to resist the discharge pressure.
Skin Barrier This absorptive adhesive agent effectively prevents contact of excretions/secretions with the skin and preserves the physiology of the skin.
Skin Barrier with Excellent Buffer Action This skin-protecting agent is characterized by its enhanced buffering effects to protect the skin from strong alkaline discharge.
Spontaneous Evacuation of Stools The stoma appliance is installed on the abdomen such that the stool evacuated from the stoma can be collected in the appliance.
Stoma A stoma, which means "orifice" in Greek, is an artificial opening surgically constructed in the abdominal wall.
Stoma Bag An ostomy bag, which is also called a pouch, is used to collect the excreted matter.
Two-Piece Ostomy System The ostomy bag and the face plate can be separated in this ostomy system, which is called a two-piece ostomy system.
Urostomy Depending on at what point the urine is diverted, several urostomy procedures are available, such as ileal conduit and ureterocutaneostomy. (See the Basic Knowledge section.)
Vent for Urine An ostomy bag with an opening for removal of urine facilitates the treatment of discharged urine.
WOC Nurse A WOC nurse, who specializes in wounds, ostomy and continence care, is a Japanese Nursing Association qualified nurse.